Altamura, its history and its bread
Altamura is a proud, beautiful and noble city, with over 70 thousand inhabitants as well as for its history and culture. We are just over 40 km from Bari and 19 km from Matera, near the border with Puglia and Basilicata. This is Altamura, a city of history and an illustrious past. The name recalls the legendary Queen Altea, and in the past also took the name of Altilia, a thriving city of ancient Peucetia. The presence of man, in Altamura, is very ancient. For example, the remains of the Man of Altamura discovered in 1993 in the cave of Lamalunga, belonged to a Neanderthal lived about 150,000 years ago, as well as the numerous finds recovered in the archaeological excavations of the territory, many of which kept in the National Archaeological Museum of Altamura. Five hundred years before Christ, the mighty Megalithic Walls were raised. In 1232, however, Altamura linked its history to Emperor Frederick II of Swabia. The city is reborn: the emperor, due to devotion to the Madonna dell’Assunta, had a large cathedral built, one of the four imperial basilicas of Puglia. Frederick II declared Altamura and its territory, a free city, dependent only on the king. So many people came along, including Greeks, Arabs and Jews, who went to live in the neighborhoods of the ancient medieval village, alternating with small roads and Claustri, typical small squares. Today Altamura is famous for its famous Pane Dopo and its extraordinary bakery products.